Professional programs prepare students for careers in specific fields, including health and medicine, teaching and law. These applied programs are course-based and do not include a thesis component. Completion of a licensing exam is required to work in some professions.
If you are interested in applying to any of the following programs offered in Ontario, you must submit an application via the Ontario Universities’ Application Centre (OUAC):
- Medical school
- Teacher’s College
- Rehabilitation Sciences (Occupational and Physiotherapy, Speech Language Pathology, Audiology)
- Law School
The following is information about professional schools and career specific professional associations. Students are advised to review the websites and/or contact the admission departments of schools of interest for application details.
Relevant Websites For Veterinary Medicine:
- Canadian Veterinary Medical Association: https://www.canadianveterinarians.net/
- College of Veterinarians of Ontario: www.cvo.org
- International Veterinary Students’ Association: www.ivsa.org
- National Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners: www.nbvme.org
- Ontario Veterinary Medical Association: www.ovma.org
- World Veterinary Association: www.worldvet.org
- College of Integrative Veterinary Therapies: http://www.civtedu.org/
- Veterinarians Without Borders: www.vetswithoutborders.ca
- Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges: www.aavmc.org
How much animal/veterinary related experience do I need in order to apply for Veterinary School?
- Although there is no set minimum, the more experience the better!
- Schools may also look at whether you have a variety of experience (e.g., large animal, exotics, marine mammals) as opposed to many hours in just one setting (e.g., small animal)
- Variety is key when it comes to experience because it shows admissions that you have taken time to explore the profession
Typical Entrance Requirements:
- Complete a minimum of three years in an undergraduate science program
- Complete required courses as listed on each school’s website
- Gain practical hands-on experience working with animals
- Complete a Background Information Form
- Provide Letters of Reference
- Attend an Interview
Types Of Nursing Positions:
- Registered Practical Nurse (RPN)
- Must complete four semesters over two years in a college program leading to a diploma in Practical Nursing
- An RPN’s role is to care for patients with less complex needs, and patients with stable and predictable conditions
- Registered Nurse (RN)
- Must complete a baccalaureate degree through a collaborative college-university nursing program or a four-year university nursing program, both leading to a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree (BScN) or Bachelor of Nursing degree (BN)
- An RN’s role is to autonomously care for patients regardless of the complexity of their conditions
- Nurse Practitioner (NP)
- Must be a qualified RN and complete additional education and gain experience
- An NP’s role is to autonomously diagnose, order and interpret diagnostic tests, prescribe pharmaceuticals, and perform specific procedures depending on the specialty certification they hold
Relevant Websites For Nursing:
Dental School requires a minimum of 4 to 5 years of postgraduate study, depending on whether a student pursues a dental specialty.
There Are Nine Nationally Recognized Dental Specialties In Canada:
- Dental Public Health
- Oral Maxillofacial Surgery
- Oral Medicine and Pathology
- Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
- Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
- Pediatric Dentistry
Relevant Websites For Dentistry:
- Canadian Association of Orthodontists
- Canadian Dental Association
- Ontario Association for Public Health Dentistry
- Ontario Association of Orthodontists
- Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario
- Toronto Academy of Dentistry
- Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada
- Dental Aptitude Test Information
Relevant Medical School Websites:
- Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada
- Canadian Federation of Medical Students
- College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
- Ontario Medical Association
- Ontario Doctors
- Canadian Association for Medical Education
- Canadian Medical Association
- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
- College of Family Physicians of Canada
- Association of American Medical Colleges
- Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education
FAQ – Medical School
What courses do I need to take for Medical School?
- Refer to www.ouac.on.ca/omsas for more information on each school’s prerequisite requirements.
- If you have a question regarding course equivalency, please contact the school directly. Be specific and send the description of the course (from the course calendar) identifying the prerequisite you want considered.
What undergraduate program do I need to be in for Medical School?
- No specific program is required to enter into Medical School. Students have been admitted to Medical Schools from a variety of undergraduate programs.
How many students get in every year?
- Visit www.ouac.on.ca/omsas for information on applicants for Ontario Medical Schools.
- For McMaster, the number of applicants in 2017 was 4929 and the class size was 206, which translates to an acceptance rate of 4.2%.
Can I take summer school?
- Refer to the Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS) Instruction Booklet or the school’s website.
- Some schools will not consider summer courses.
- Remember, because you are not taking a full course load (ie, 30 units) during summer school, you may appear less competitive than a person who has taken the same course during a full academic year.
What happens if I failed a course?
- It will appear on your transcript. For more details regarding how a failed course will affect your cumulative average contact the school directly.
Relevant Websites For Optometry:
- American Optometric Student Association
- American Optometric Association
- The American Academy of Optometry
- Association of School and Colleges of Optometry
- Canadian Association of Optometry Students
- Canadian Association of Optometrists
- College of Optometrists of Ontario
- Ontario Association of Optometrists
- University of Waterloo Optometry Student Society
Entrance into most Pharmacy programs requires the completion of one full year of University. Candidates become eligible to apply during their second year of study. Prerequisite courses are different for each institution, therefore refer to the school websites listed below. Applications to Canadian Pharmacy Schools must be submitted to the individual institutions directly.
Relevant Websites For Pharmacy:
- American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
- Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada
- Canadian Pharmacists Association
- Canadian Association of Pharmacy Students and Interns
- Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
- National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities
- Ontario College of Pharmacists
- Ontario Pharmacists Association
- Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada
Occupational Therapy aims to help people learn or re-learn activities of daily living, including dressing, bathing, preparing meals, answering the phone or getting up after a fall. Occupational therapists often do this by breaking activities into smaller steps and/or suggesting adaptive devices or mobility equipment to patients.
Physical Therapy/Physiotherapy aims to restore physical function and range of motion through treatment of the anatomy. Physical Therapists work with patients pre or post-surgery, after injury or accidents, and through illnesses, age related conditions and chronic disease.
Audiology aims to maintain function and maximize communication in patients with hearing impairments. Audiologists will assess and evaluate auditory function, as well as fit and dispense a variety of assistive listening devices as required.
Speech-Language Pathology aims to assess, treat and manage communication (i.e. speech, language and voice) and swallowing disorders. Speech-Language Pathologists treat disorders such as Aphasia, Apraxia, Cleft Palate, Dysphagia and Selective Mutism.
Rehabilitation Science (Thesis/Research option) aims to develop advanced knowledge and evaluation skills in the field, allowing graduates to contribute to Rehabilitation Sciences through research and leadership.
Relevant Websites For Rehabilitation Sciences:
- Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists
- Canadian Occupational Therapy Foundation
- Canadian Physiotherapy Association
- College of Occupational Therapists of Ontario
- College of Physiotherapists of Ontario
- Ontario Physiotherapy Association
- Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists
- College of Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists of Ontario (CASLPO)
- L’Ordre des Orthophonistes et Audiologistes du Québec
- Ontario Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (OSLA)
- Ontario Rehabilitation Sciences Programs Application service